25 Greatest Science Books
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25 Greatest Science Books   One of the most delightful,witty,and ghd iv straighteners beautifully written of all natural histories,The Voyage of the Beagle recounts the young Darwins 1831 to 1836 trip to South America,the Galápagos Islands,Australia,and back again to air jordan 3 England,a journey that transformed his understanding of biology and fed the development of his ideas about evolution. Fossils spring to life on the page as Darwin describes his adventures,which include encounters with "savages" in Tierra del Fuego,an accidental meal of a rare bird in Patagonia (which was then named in Darwins honor),and chaussures hommes wobbly attempts to ride Galápagos tortoises.   Yet Darwins masterwork is,undeniably,The Origin of Species,in which he nike shox nz introduced his theory of evolution by natural selection. Prior to its publication,the prevailing view was that each species had existed in its current form since the moment of divine creation and that humans were a air 180 privileged form of life,above and apart from nature. Darwins theory knocked us from that pedestal. Wary of a religious backlash,he kept his ideas secret for almost two decades while bolstering them with additional observations and experiments. The result is an avalanche of detail—there seems to be no species he did bw classic not contemplate—thankfully delivered in accessible,conversational prose. A century and a half later,Darwins paean to evolution still begs to be heard: "There is grandeur in this view of life," he wrote,that "from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been,and are being,air max evolved.""The most important science book of all time. Darwin revolutionized our understanding of life,the relationship of humanity to all creatures in the world,and the mythological foundation of all religions." —geneticist Lee M. Silver,Princeton University3.   Dramatic is an unlikely word for a printing machine book that devotes half its pages to deconstructions of ellipses,parabolas,and tangents. Yet the cognitive power on display here can trigger chills. Courtesy of Andrew DunnPrincipia marks the dawn of modern physics,beginning insoluble sulfur with the familiar three laws of motion ("To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction" is the third). Later Newton explains the eccentric paths of comets,notes the similarity between sound waves and ripples on a pond,and makes his famous case that gravity guides the orbit of the moon as surely as it defines the arc of a confetti cannon tossed pebble. The text is dry but accessible to anyone with a high school education—an opportunity to commune with perhaps the top genius in the history of science.   "You dont have to be a Newton junkie like me to really find it replica bags gripping. I mean how amazing is it that this guy was able to figure out that the same force that lets a bird poop on your head governs the motions of planets in the heavens? That is towering genius,no?" —psychiatrist Richard A. Friedman,Cornell University4. Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems by Galileo Galilei (1632)Courtesy of the University of ChicagoPope Urban VIII sanctioned Galileo to write a neutral treatise on Copernicuss new,sun-centered view of the solar system. Galileo responded maillots foot with this cheeky conversation between three characters: a supporter of Copernicus,an educated layman,and an old-fashioned follower of Aristotle. This last one—a dull thinker named Simplicio—represented the church jordan 10 position,and Galileo was soon standing before the Inquisition. Galileo comes across as a masterful raconteur; his discussions of recent astronomical findings in particular evoke an electrifying sense of discovery. The last section,in which he erroneously argues that ocean tides prove Earth is in motion,is fascinatingly shoddy by comparison. Galileo,trying to air jordan 9 deliver a fatal blow to the churchs Aristotelian thinking,got tripped up by his own faith in an idea he was sure was true but couldnt prove.   "Its not only one of jordan 7 the most influential books in the history of the world but a wonderful read. Clear,entertaining,moving,and often hilarious,it showed early on how science writing neednt be stuffy." —cognitive scientist Steven Pinker,Harvard University5. De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres) by Nicolaus air jordan 11 Copernicus (1543)Copernicus waited until he was on his deathbed to publish this volume,then prefaced it with a ring-kissing letter to Pope Paul III explaining why the work wasnt really heresy. No furor actually ensued until long after Copernicuss death,when Galileos run-in with the church landed De Revolutionibus on the Inquisitions index of forbidden books (see #4,above). Copernicus,by arguing that Earth and jordan 3 the other planets move around the sun (rather than everything revolving around Earth),sparked a revolution in which scientific thought first dared to depart from religious dogma. While no longer forbidden,De Revolutionibus is hardly user-friendly. The books title page gives jordan 2 fair warning: "Let no one untrained in geometry enter here."6.   By contrast,Aristotle placed Earth firmly at the jordan 11 center of the cosmos,and viewed the universe as a neat set of nested spheres. He also mistakenly concluded that things move differently on Earth and in the heavens. Nevertheless,Physica,Aristotles treatise on the nature of motion,change,and time,stands out because in it he presented a systematic way of studying the jordan 4 natural world—one that held sway for two millennia and led to modern scientific method.

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